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Physical activity has never been more important with nowadays sedentary lifestyle. While physical inactivity is associated with various chronic conditions and premature mortality, physical activity and exercise on the other hand are associated with lowering the risk of developing chronic diseases such as cardiovascular disease, diabetes, cancer, hypertension, obesity, depression, and osteoporosis, and also reducing the risk of premature mortality.

Physical activity not only helps prevent chronic diseases, but it also helps in managing these conditions.

In people with heart disease, physical activity is found to be effective in the secondary prevention of cardiovascular disease contrary to the popular belief that rest and physical inactivity are better choices for those population.

Physical exercise contributes to controlling blood glucose levels in people with Diabetes. It is also effective in maintaining bone health and preventing the loss of bone density in people with osteoporosis.

Routine physical activity reduces stress, anxiety, and depression, and improves overall well-being.

The more physically active you get, the more health benefits you earn.

Guidelines recommend 150 minutes per week of moderate-intensity physical activity for health benefits. However, it is indicated that even lower levels are associated with health benefits.

References:
Warburton DE, Nicol CW, Bredin SS. Health benefits of physical activity: the evidence. Cmaj. 2006 Mar 14;174(6):801-9.
Warburton DE, Bredin SS. Reflections on Physical Activity and Health: What Should We Recommend? Can J Cardiol. 2016 Apr;32(4):495-504. doi: 10.1016/j.cjca.2016.01.024. Epub 2016 Mar 17. PMID: 26995692.